Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is defined by a persistent pattern of inattention (for example, difficulty keeping focus) and/or hyperactivity- impulsivity (for example, difficulty controlling behavior, excessive and inappropriate motor activity). Children with ADHD have difficulty performing well in school, interacting with other children, and following through on tasks. There are three sub-types of this disorder: Predominantly Hyperactive/Impulsive, Predominantly Inattentive, and Combined Inattention & Hyperactive/Impulsive.
Inattention: Inattentive children may have trouble paying close attention to details, make careless mistakes in schoolwork, are easily distracted, have difficulty following through on tasks, such as homework assignments, or quickly become bored with a task.
Hyperactivity: Hyperactivity may be defined by fidgeting or squirming, excessive talking, running about, or difficulty sitting still.
Impulsivity: Impulsive children may be impatient, may blurt out answers to questions prematurely, have trouble waiting their turn, may frequently interrupt conversations, or intrude on others' activities.
The following clinical practice guidelines help in the assessment, diagnosis, and treatment of ADHD:
American Academy of Pediatrics. Clinical Practice Guideline: ADHD: Clinical Practice Guideline for the Diagnosis,Evaluation, and Treatment of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in Children and Adolescents. Pediatrics 2011 Oct; 128:5 1007-1022; doi:10.1542/peds.2011-2654.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention - https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/adhd/guidelines.html
American Academy of Family Physicians – https://www.aafp.org/patient-care/clinical-recommendations/all/ADHD.html
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